Recently I needed to do this for our PRTG alerting account which was failing to send notifications as the O365 password had expired.  I did this from Powershell within Windows 10 as follows:

Launch powershell as Administrator then run

Then run

at this point an O365 authentication box pops up – enter your credentials. Once connected run:

Some of these commands have since been deprecated. For an explanation look at this post.